Wednesday, October 9, 2013

Behind the Books: Thinking About Text Structure

A few weeks ago, I wrote a post about “gamification” as a nonfiction text structure and included this visual of text structures specifically mentioned in the Common Core ELA standards.


Grade 4

Grade 5

Describe the overall structure (chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or info in a text or part of a text

Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/ solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or info in two or more texts

Following that post, I received lots of questions about books that were good matches for each of the four structures specifically mentioned in the CCSS. So here are some lists for you:

 
Chronology
Picture book biographies are a great place to find this structure in books that can easily be read aloud.

Balloons Over Broadway by Melissa Sweet

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer


The Day-Glo Brothers by Chris Barton (illus. Tony Persiani)

The Dinosaurs of Waterhouse Hawkins by Barbara Kerley (illus Brian Selznick)

The Fantastic Undersea Life of Jacques Cousteau by Dan Yaccarino

Mama Miti by Donna Jo Napoli (illus Kadir Nelson)

Marvelous Mattie by Emily Arnold McCully

Planting the Trees of Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai by Claire A. Nivola

Pop: The Invention of Bubble Gum by Megan McCarthy

Rocks in His Head by Carol Otis Hurst

The Secret World of Walter Anderson by Hester Bass (E.B. Lewis)

What to Do About Alice? by Barbara Kerley (illus. Edwin Fotheringham)

 
Comparison
Neo Leo by Gene Barretta

Now & Ben by Gene Barretta

Timeless Thomas by Gene Baretta

Those Rebels, Tom & John by Barbara Kerley

Move! by Steve Jenkins & Robin Page

What Do You Do with a Tail Like This? by Steve Jenkins & Robin Page

How Many Ways Can You Catch a Fly? by Steve Jenkins & Robin Page

Alligator or Crocodile? How Do You Know by Melissa Stewart

Butterfly or Moth? How Do You Know? by Melissa Stewart

Frog or Toad? How Do You Know? by Melissa Stewart

Insect of Spider? How Do You Know? by Melissa Stewart

Salamander or Lizard? How Do You Know? by Melissa Stewart

Shark or Fish? How Do You Know? by Melissa Stewart

Cause/Effect
Frog in a Bog by John Himmelman

A Place for Butterflies by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond)

A Place for Fish by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond)

A Place for Frogs by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond

A Place for Birds by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond)

A Place for Bats by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond)

A Place for Turtles by Melissa Stewart (illus Higgins Bond)


Problem/Solution
All fiction books adhere this structure, so they may be the best way to teach it. Some people also put nonfiction Q & A books in this category.

2 comments:

  1. Great list, Melissa. This will be useful to teachers.
    I wonder... would some of the "Scientists in the Field" books fit problem/solution? For example, KAKAPO RESCUE.

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  2. I love the Scientist in the Field books, but they really aren't appropriate for most elementary readers. They are great for middle grade.

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